Serwer: I see no sign that Serbia is prepared to recognize Kosovo
Serwer, a professor at Johns Hopkins University and expert on Balkans affairs
is skeptical that the new US administration under Joe Biden will be able to
convince Serbia to recognize Kosovo. Serwer in an interview with Gazeta Express
says that a final agreement between the two countries means exchange of ambassadors,
which as he sees as a definition of a “final” agreement.
also said that the EU is not doing enough pressure on Serbia to stop the abusive
language of Serbian state officials or about their encouragement to hide mass
Express: Do you think that the
administration of the president-elect Joe Biden will resolve the disputes
between Kosovo and Serbia in 2021 by signing a final agreement?
Serwer: I don’t know. It depends
mainly on Serbia. I see no sign at present that President Vucic is prepared to
recognize Kosovo and exchange ambassadors, which is my definition of a
Express: What is your opinion about the
political stalemate regarding the election of the president in Kosovo, do you
think that political parties will find a name for president or the new
elections are inevitable and be held in accordance with the constitutional
Serwer: I do hope the constitutional
deadline will be respected. It is not hard to find a name for president. What
is difficult is getting the required number of votes. That hasn’t happened yet.
Express: Do you think that Specialized
Chambers of Kosovo will bring justice by judging only Albanians for the
Serwer: The focus of the Special
Chambers is on the post-war period, which was not covered by ICTY. Many of the
crimes in the post-war period inside Kosovo were perpetrated by Albanians, as
the Serb security forces were gone (except for the north). Those crimes, as is
clear from the indictments so far, were committed against both Albanians and
Serbs. ICTY, which had a mandate only for crimes committed during the war,
indicted Serbs as well as Albanians.
Express: Are you optimistic that the
dialogue between Kosovo and Serbia will result in mutual recognition between
the two countries?
Serwer: No. I want it to happen, but I
don’t see any sign yet that it will in the foreseeable future.
Express: Do you think that the EU is
not putting enough pressure on Serbia so that its state officials do not use
racist terms against Kosovo and giving information about the mass graves in
different locations in Serbia?
Serwer: No, I haven’t heard clear
enough messages from the EU about the abusive language of Serbian state
officials or about their encouragement to hide mass graves.